Soul theory is the empirical study of the human soul. (860 Words)
The Fine-Tuned UniverseThe concept of the fine-tuned universe is based on the argument that a number of dimensionless universal constants have to be within an incredibly narrow range of values to allow for the development of sapient life. If any one of these constants were off by even a tiny fraction, id est the universe be even slightly different in its fundamental make-up, astronomical structures, elemental diversity, and even matter itself could not exist, making the existence of sapient life impossible. This raises the question why a universe conducive to sapient live does exist in the first place, given the apparent narrow window of probability for its existence. Hypotheses discussing this concept are argued by the anthropic principle, which is divided into the strong anthropic principle (SAP) and weak anthropic principle (WAP).
The Anthropic PrincipleThe argument of the anthropic principle is that to observe the universe, that universe has to be compatible with the existence of conscious and sentient observers. Clockwork theologists argue the SAP from the position that since the Great Clockwork does exist, it is likely that it was an influencing force during the formation of the universe, guiding the processes that formed it towards the conditions that would eventually allow for the development or sustaining of life, depending to which metabological hypothesis one subscribed.
Note: Metabology, sometimes called "Evolutionism" after Sagamund Greenhorn's Theory of Evolution, deals with the question whether life originated from processes based in reality or was entirely crafted through artificial means by the Great Clockwork.The SAP is often opposed by gyrometricists, who present the WAP as an alternative explanation for the fine-tuned universe. Their argument is that the reason for the fine-tuned nature of the universe, which allows for sapient life to develop and observe it, is due to so-called survivor-bias. This would mean that there are or were many universes, based on the ideas of either an oscillating universe that expands and contracts in certain intervals, emerging with slightly different fundamental constants each time, or a multiverse theory where many universes exist independent of each other. If either concept were to hold true, it would make sense that our universe supports sapient life, even if it is in general a statistically rare occurrence, since we are actually here to observe it.